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Monday, 8 August 2016

Ocean Acidification And Temperature Seriously Affects Key Oxygen Source



CLIMATE NEWS

Rising water temperatures and acidification affect important plankton organism


First laboratory study reveals effects of 2 environmental factors on copepods

HELMHOLTZ CENTRE FOR OCEAN RESEARCH KIEL (GEOMAR)
Ocean acidification, rising temperatures, eutrophication and loss of oxygen: Life in the oceans has to cope with a variety of factors. How will plants and animals react when global climate change alters their environment? Laboratory and field experiments, observations at naturally extreme habitats and modelling approaches help researchers to evaluate the reactions of the ecosystem ocean.
Scientists of GEOMAR Helmholtz Centre for Ocean Research Kiel used so-called "indoor mesocosms" to mimic the future ocean in their laboratories: They transferred the natural plankton community from the Kiel Fjord into twelve 1400-liter tanks and brought them to two different temperatures and two different carbon dioxide concentrations. After a month, they examined the number and body size of various developmental stages of copepods as well as their content of fatty acids, which is crucial for the organisms' nutritional value. The up to one millimetre long crustaceans form about eighty per cent of the zooplankton and are an important food for fish and their larvae. The journal PLOS ONE published the results of the study, which was conducted as part of the German research network BIOACID (Biological Impacts of Ocean Acidification).
"Several experiments have demonstrated that the effects of various environmental factors on marine organisms either add up or attenuate each other. Because the body functions of organisms are altered differently by the combination of factors, it is very difficult to estimate the ultimate outcome", explains Dr. Jessica Garzke, marine biologist at GEOMAR and first-author of the publication. "For the copepods, we have shown that the negative impact of rising water temperatures is more significant than of ocean acidification. Ocean acidification can mitigate some reactions - for example, because the additional carbon dioxide that is dissolved in the seawater supports the growth of phytoplankton as food for the copepods. But in the end, these benefits are not strong enough to achieve a positive effect."




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Radiation Station Sunshine Coast Australia


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Iraq families hit £150,000 target to sue Blair in just two weeks

Relatives of troops killed following the 2003 invasion said they were ‘delighted and amazed’ at the stunning speed of the public’s response. They want the former prime minister brought to justice.They believe Mr Blair misled Parliament to justify the war, which cost the lives of 179 UK servicemen and wome


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